This joint disorder is common among the elderly, sometimes occurs in the middle-aged and average adults but rarely happens to children and youths. Aging is the most common reason for osteoarthritis. But in some cases, it may occur after doing too many vigorous exercises that exert pressure on the joints causing the cartilage to ware out faster. Whereas in some other cases, this joint disorder happens due to less exercise and movement of the joints which reduces the secretion of synovial fluid that lubricates the joints.
The effect of osteoarthritis on humans has been a problem to society. Today, researches have discovered many ways to handle this health problem. The most common kind of treatment is to take drugs. However, these drugs are mostly pain killers that do not actually cure the disease. Therefore, researches also recommend osteoarthritis patients to have nutritional supplements like glucosamine to help repair and maintain the cartilage. Besides that, physical therapy can also help tackle osteoarthritis. Doing the recommended kind of exercise is a way of getting the joints lubricated. Some doctors also encourage a proper diet because damaged joints, especially the knees, cannot support too much weight. As for serious osteoarthritis cases, surgeries may be required to replace a damaged joint.
Osteoarthritis is a progressive disorder that can worsen if it is not treated. The early stages may just cause pain in joints during movement but severe osteoarthritis may cause immobility or paralysis. Therefore, like other diseases, you should also be aware of osteoarthritis.
Reference: From Answers.com